Life in Dublin in the 1970s
In the 1970s, the Catholics in Northern Ireland had very poor jobs or were unemployed, while the Protestants had very good jobs and good lives. The Catholics became angry and wanted to have equally good jobs and good lives. The Irish Republican Army, a terrorist organization better known as the IRA, was formed to fight the current situation. They amassed weapons and bombed Protestant areas, and the Protestants responded with force.
The United Kingdom, of which Northern Ireland is a part, wanted to stop the violence from increasing, so the Army was sent in to get the situation under control. The IRA, who wanted Northern Ireland to split from the UK and become part of the Republic of Ireland, expanded their bombings to other countries such as Belgium. They fought back against the British Army, whose major obstacle was that there was no way to tell who was part of the IRA.
UK Prime Minister Tony Blair started to invest into social plans in Northern Ireland so that Catholics could get better employment and improve their lives, as incentive to quell the violence. In 2005, the IRA agreed to a ceasefire known as the Accord of Belfast, and peace came to Northern Ireland.