There is too much controversy. The basic principle is that if you sight the new moon on the 29th of a lunar month, then that evening is the 1st of the next month, and the following day would be the 1st. If the new moon isn't sighted, then you complete the month with 30 days, `Eid would fall on the evening that follows (with regards to the `Eid which falls after the month of Ramadan, `Eid ul-Fitr).
Originally Posted by PopeOfDope
The problem here in the west, is that people complain saying that it is hard to sight the moon especially with all the tower blocks, sky scrapers and even pollution here. So some people rely on the sighting of the moon in nearby Islamic countries. For you and me being in London, that would be Morocco.
However it was hard to keep up-to-date with sightings in Morocco and people have reported in Morocco (including people I know who have lived there) that even when they sight the Moon, the governement always does `Eid a day later. So a portion of Muslims have resorted to Saudi Arabia, whilst others always did rely upon the sighting in Saudi, the capital of Islaam. Many people are also complaining about Saudi's moon sighting efforts, it is said that they rely upon calculations and that their method of sighting is incorrect.
Now the sensible way of dealing with this matter, for a Muslim is to refer back to Allaah and His Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him about this matter. In other words, we look at the Qur'aan which as been preserved in it's original form since its revelation 1400 years ago, and the authentic sayings, acts and approvals of Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, and that of his companions.
If we actually do this, we actually look into the texts of Islaam, we find many guidelines and points of benefit on this issue. From the guidelines and benefits is what is found in a collection of Prophetic narrations which days back over 1200 years called 'Sunan at-Tirmidhee', a highly valued collection for 'Sunni' Muslims. In there we find that Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him said,
"Fast when they fast, end the fast when they end theirs, and sacrifice the day that they sacrifice." At-Tirmidhee (2/37) Friday the 29th of Decemeber 2006 corresponded to Jumu`ah the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah 1427. It is known as the Day of `Arafah, a great day for the pilgrims in Makkah, a day on which fasting is a highly valued deed. This `Eid that we have just celebrated falls on the 10th of the same month. In the above narration, we have been instructed to fast, end the fast and sacrifice (if we do) when they, meaning the pilgrims do so. So if the pilgrims performed these acts on Friday, then `Eid falls on Saturday. I don't know where Sunday and even Monday (in Pakistan) come into this!? Commenting on the above quoted narration, the compiler of the book Imaam At-Tirmidhee said,
"One of the People of Knowledge has explained this hadeeth (narration) by saying: Its meaning is to fast and end the fast along with the Jamaa'ah (congregation) and the majority of people."
Likewise, the famous medi-evil Islamic Scholar and Doctor, Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah said in Tahdheebus-Sunan (3/214)
"It is said: In it is a refutation of those who say that whosoever knows the positions of the moon due to astronomical calculations, then it is permissible for him to fast and end the fast, even if others do not know. It is also said: 'that the individual witness who sees the moon, but the qaadee (judge) has not accepted his testimony, then there is no fasting for him, just as there is no fasting for the people."So I hope the matter has become clearer at least. Many people put forth their arguments and reasons to differ in a time of unity; a celebration! Others are known to have absolute hate for Saudi Arabia and those who fast along with them, so they deliberately differ, building up their fictitious justifications. Any further misunderstandings or clarifications that you need just ask as you did. There's more Muslims in these forums then some people think!
-= Double Post =-
Oh yes, `Eid Mubaarak people!